Western; Texas and Whidbey Island, Washington State, female doctor forced to treat drifter's wife. Western; Washington Territory , reclusive lighthouse keeper finds penniless pregnant woman washed ashore. Regency; , travelling equestrian circus smuggles gold for the British army across the Pyrenees. Regency; soldier returns from Peninsular War to wed sweetheart, but she wants a more stable existence. Medieval; s, Norman convent-bred heroine sent to England to take dead sister's place in aristocratic marriage.
Victorian; London , scandalous woman agrees to month of hedonistic servitude, Ladies Sewing Circle 5. Georgian era; St Andrews, Scotland , woman hasn't conceived with her husband but needs a child, Taskill Witches 2 reprint. Medieval; Ireland , hero is attracted to the love-slave he is supposed to deliver to his king, linked to Her Warrior Slave. Tudor era; Ottoman Empire, , Bedouin princess tries to escape slave market, taken to Prince's harem. Regency; , old flame, poor relation, former servant now self-made man, linked to Three Soldiers series.
Western; El Dorado, Kansas , the marshal and woman who had a passionate encounter meet again. Medieval; laird's wife tries to stop him arranging more marriages, Scotland , Medieval-MacLerie 3. Stuart; Scotland , man saves woman from trial for witchcraft and takes her as his mistress, Hot Scottish Knights 1. Since the discovery that cotton would mature in South-Carolina, she has reaped a golden harvest; but it is feared it has proved a curse rather than a blessing, and I believe that she would at this day be in a far better condition, had the discovery never been made.
Let us begin at once, before it is too late, to bring about a change in our industrial pursuits. Even Mr. Calhoun, our great oracle. It was primarily responsible for the system of slavery. For a careful description of the circumstances surrounding the invention of the cotton gin, and the legal documents in the dispute over the rights to it, cf. We made cotton in a quantity and at a price to clothe all the world excepting ourselves" ibid.
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Fitted by nature to support a large population engaged in a variety of pursuits based upon agriculture, it had a small population occupied in the production of raw material that contributed to the maintenance of a dense population in regions where artifice contended against harsh climate and a stubborn soil" Ingle, p. Burkett and Poe, Cotton, pp.
Brooks, The Story of Cotton, p. Gregg showed that cotton, the great god, drove agricultural enterprise from South Carolina, for, with the returns to its cultivation under ordinary management amounting to only 3 or 4 and in some instances only 2 per cent, the inclination for planters to remove with their slave capital to the richer Southwest was strong, thus keeping the population of the State at a standstill Domestic Industry, p. What was the use of nerve-racking investment in elaborate and costly machinery when a land-owner could reap ten per cent net profit from a few negroes and mules and a bushel or two of the magical cotton seed?
And yet the South had unusual manufacturing facilities.
Flere titler at overveje
Olmsted, Seaboard Slave States, p. The social difference between North and South before the War, so often remarked as existing of itself apart, is accounted for by slavery, which arrested development on Southern soil of the industrial type of American civilization A. Mayo, in The Social Economist, Oct. The old South had much in common with mercantilist feeling.
Though coin for coffers was not precisely the aim, there was the settled ambition for exportation of a money crop that involved self-exploitation and left no room for sectional introspection. The economic system was full of inhibitions, the all-pervading effect of which cannot be calculated.
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In accounting in for the stagnation of Virginia as compared with the industrial activity of New England and Old England, Olmsted wrote:. It is the old, fettered, barbarian labor-system, in connection with which they [Virginians] have been brought up, against which all their enterprise must struggle, and with the chains of which all their ambition must be bound.
Halfway To Heaven (Mills & Boon M&B) (The Calhoun Chronicles, Book 3): First edition
This conviction. You could as well convey an idea of the effect of mist on a landscape, by enumerating the number of particles of vapor that obscure it. And for his general philosophy of the subject, see ibid. He took as an average expression of the views "of the majority of those whose monopoly of wealth and knowledge has a governing influence on a majority of the people," the statement of a newspaper in "African slavery. Duping of the people through charlatan guidance of political leaders is too evident in the South of today to require description of its operation in an earlier period.
You have rallied alone on the single power of agriculture--and such agriculture! Instead of having to feed cattle on a thousand hills, you have had to chase the stumptailed steer through the sedge-patches to procure a tough beef-steak laughter and applause. The landlord has skinned the tenant, and the tenant has skinned the land, until all have grown poor together. Very simply and pleasantly. By building railroads and canals, ships and mills; by establishing manufactories, opening mines.
Introduction to Sociology/Print version
And, 'Hurrah! Not that the crowd was believing, but that spokesmen were so largely sincere, was most melancholy. The drug had ceased to lead to remorse, and began to bring hallucinations. I envied those leaders of popular thought whose confidence in themselves and in their fellows was shaken by no such reflections.
But the more I listened to them, the more the conviction was borne in upon me that they were seeking to build an impossible future upon an imaginary past" Ireland in New Century, p.
Tompkins, Cotton Mill, Commercial Features, preface to appendix, for an incident related of William Gregg and an opponent in an election campaign, which, despite its incidental happening, shows aptly just the point of preoccupation with politics to which the Southern mind came, the degree of trifling with which the most sober proposals were met, the hopelessness of change from this state of affairs by anything short of a fundamental moral awakening. Compassed as it was by political compromises, slavery must ultimately have toppled through its own overweight; but in it was so valuable for the plantation that it was not only not readily converted into the factory, but was an obstacle in the way of the employment of capital and of other labor in that direction" Ingle, pp.
The deterrent effect of slavery upon immigration has been noticed above. In only 6 per cent of the white population of the South was foreign-born, but immigrants made up nearly 20 per cent of that of the North. In the decade the South's quota of foreign-born in the whole country dropped from 14 to 13 per cent. Independent white artizans, so important in the industrial history of the North in this period, avoided competition with slave labor; if this drawback to coming to the South was removed by their acquiring slaves themselves where a few had the means, they must then leave mechanical pursuits; many disapproved of slavery anyway.
Southern whites were indisposed to welcome those who could not or refused to grow into the slavery system. A newspaper in the fifties betrayed this: "A large proportion of the mechanical force that migrate to the South, are a curse instead of a blessing; they are generally a worthless, unprincipled class--enemies to our peculiar institutions. For interesting facts as to immigration to North Carolina, cf. Tompkins, History of Mecklenburg, vol.
go here Communities with strong foreign infusion and slight or no reliance upon slavery, showed a vigor before the War which has been to them a continuing advantage into the present. Here had been founded an educational institution, varied manufactures, farming was successful and capital was invested in a railroad venture. Slavery bore small part Olmsted, p. In the northwestern counties of Georgia, strongly opposed to secession and which furnished soldiers to the federal armies, were held to be better disposed toward the national government than any other part of the State; slaves had constituted less than a fourth of the population.
Though cruder than those from the seaboard, delegates from this section to the constitutional convention of were said to have a well-informed outlook for the Commonwealth Sidney Andrews, The South Since the War, pp. Study of the conventions of other States immediately succeeding the War shows "up-country" representatives, as contrasted with those of the "low country," more easily adjusting themselves to the new condition and readier to go ahead with a changed program. It was said that at a time when the average wage of female operatives in Georgia cotton mills was half that paid in Massachusetts, New England factory girls were induced by high wages to go to the Southern State, but returned North because their position was unpleasant in "the general degradation of the laboring class" Olmsted, p.
The dependence of the ante-bellum South upon the North and upon Europe for the most substantial and trivial appurtenances of civilization was spectacular. It might be argued in apology for the total one-sidedness of the old South, that the section was responding to the principle of comparative economic advantage. Certainly the most absolute adherence to the territorial division of labor could not require a more exclusive devotion to the making of cotton and fuller reliance upon less peculiarly favored districts for manufactured goods and certain foodstuffs and materials, than the South displayed.
But however strict in its conformity to superficial dictates of this policy, the program was ruinous to the section and the country, and was hurtful to the economic welfare of the world. Easy yielding Page 33 to the principle did not suggest to statesmen that the South after all was in only partial compliance--that even for the most efficient production of cotton as such there needed to be a wholesome admixture of manufacturing and of other agricultural interests. Post-bellum industry brought not a less but a more economical and larger output of the staple.
The very humor of many passages in the literature of the economic history of the South, describing the need of the section to go to the North for a thousand and one essentials of daily existence, shows the seriousness of the situation. Gregg, too lonely in his advocacy of home industry to treat the subject in other than its fundamental aspects, declared: "A change in our habits and industrial pursuits is a far greater desideratum than any change in the laws of our government. Pardon me for repeating the call on South Carolina to go to work. A decade later Helper reproached a South that had not given heed to Gregg: "It is a fact well known to every intelligent Southerner that we are compelled to go to the North for almost every article of utilty and adornment, from matches, shoepegs and paintings up to cotton-mills, steamships and statuary.
All the world sees, or ought to see, that in a commercial, mechanical, manufactural, fiancial and literary point of view, we are as helpless as babes. An orator at the Southern Commercial Convention, New Orleans, , adapted for the occasion the famous speech in the British Parliament on taxes, and beginning, in the Southern version: "It is time that we should look about us, and see in what relation we stand to the North.